Republic day on 26th January
Republic Day is the national day in India since 1950. The country celebrates the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950, updating the Indian Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
The day identify the transition from a sovereign Commonwealth kingdom with the British monarchy as the nominal head of the Indian Dominion, to a fully sovereign republic in the Commonwealth of Nations with the Indian President as the nominal head of the Indian Union.
The constitution was endorsed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic. 26 January was chosen as the date of Republic Day because it was on this day in 1929 that the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress in exchange for territorial status as a Dominion. The latter was established by the departing British. Administration.
History of republic day
After the Indian independence movement, India gained independence from the British Raj on 15 August 1947. Independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 and 11 geo 6 c 30), an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which divided British India into two newly independent colonies of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations).
However, the country did not yet have a permanent constitution; Instead its laws were based on the amended colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 29 August 1947, a proposal was moved for the appointment of a Drafting Committee to draft a permanent constitution, headed by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.
While people of India celebrates Independence Day for their independence from British rule, Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its Constitution. A draft of constitution was prepared by the committee members and presented to the Constituent Assembly on 4 November 1947.
The Indian Parliament Assembly met, in sessions open to the people of Country, for 166 days, spread over a period of two years before the adoption of the Constitution. After to many deliberations and few amendments, 308 members of the Legislative Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two days later which was on 26 January 1950, it came into force full time. whole nation. On that day, Doctor Rajendra Prasad began his 1st term as the President of the India.
The Constituent Assembly became the Indian Parliament under the transitional provisions of the new powerful constitution. The President addresses the country on the Republic Day.
The Republic Day celebration activities are performs in the New Delhi, the heart of India , on the Rajpath in front of the President of India. On this day, A military parade celebrates on the Rajpath as a tribute to India; and rich cultural heritage.
Delhi Republic Day Parade
The Delhi Republic Day Parade performs in the National capital New Delhi and is organized by the Defence Ministry. Starting from the gate of Rashtrapati Bhavan (Rashtrapati Niwas), Raisina Hill on Rajpath near India Gate, the event is the highlight of India’s Republic Day celebrations and lasts for three days. The parade performs and showcases India’s defense power, cultural and social heritage.
Apart from the Navy and the Air Force, nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army march past with their bands in all their splendid and official decorations. The Indian President who is the Chief of the Indian Armed Forces takes the salute. Twelve contingents of various paramilitary forces and police forces of India also participate in this parade.
The Beating Retreat ceremony is held after officially marking the end of the Republic Day festivities. It is organized on the evening of 29 January, the third day of Republic Day. It is performed by bands of three wings of the Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force, the Indian Army. The site is bounded by Raisina Hill and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, at the end of the Rajpath in the north and south blocks of Rashtrapati Bhavan (Rashtrapati Bhavan).
The President of India is the chief guest of the ceremony, who is escorted by the President’s Bodyguard (PBG), a cavalry unit. When the President arrives, then head commander asks the unit to give a national salute, which is followed by the playing of the Indian national anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the army. The Army develops the ceremonial performances by collective bands that include military bands, pipe and drum bands, buglers and trumpeters from various army regiments, as well as naval and air force bands that play popular tunes such as Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite Abide with Me. Huh. hymn, and finally all jahan se achcha.
On the Republic Day, the Indian President distributes the Padma Awards to the citizens of India every year. These are the one of the highest civilian awards in India after Bharat Ratna. These awards are distributed in three different categories, viz. Padma Shri, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan, in decreasing order of importance.
• Padma Vibhushan for “Extraordinary and Distinguished Service”. Padma Vibhushan is the second most popular civilian award in India.
• Padma Bhushan for “Distinguished service of a High Order”. Padma Bhushan is the third most popular civilian award in India.
• Padma Shri for “distinguished service”. Padma Shri is the fourth most popular civilian award in India.
Despite being a national honour, the Padma Awards do not include cash allowances, benefits, or special concessions in rail/air travel. As per the judgment of the Supreme Court of India on December 1995, there is no honor or title is associated with Bharat Ratna or any Padma award; Honorees may not use them or their initials as suffixes, prefixes or pre- and post-nominals attached to the name of the prize winner. This includes any such use on letterhead, invitation cards, posters, books, etc. In case of any misuse, the prize winner shall forfeit the prize, and shall be warned against any such misuse upon receiving the honour.
A replica of the medal is also given to the recipients, which they can wear during any function/state function etc. A commemorative brochure giving a brief description of each award winner is also issued on the day of the award ceremony.